For beginners I would recommand off the thumb stitches. Once you have
the hang of that, you understand the basics of Nålbinding.
There are lots of different variation on those stitches. And sometimes
you are doing a stitch and later you find out there was exactly a name for it. That happened to me more then once.
Pattern codes :
To explain others what you
are doing is not that easy sometimes. So somebody came up with a code or a description: the "Hansen - classification"
It descibes if you go Over
or Under. And how many times.
*Here is a link with codes,
desciptions and pictures: